In a vote of 84-8, the U.S. Senate passes the Equal Rights Amendment. Section 1 of the amendment states that “Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.”
The Amendment is then sent to the states for ratification by both houses of their state legislatures. A proposed amendment becomes part of the Constitution when approved by three-fourths (38) of the 50 states.
During the next five years, 35 states approved the amendment. By the Congressionally imposed deadline of June 30, 1982, however, no additional states had voted yes, and the ERA fell three states short of ratification.
The campaign to have the Equal Rights Amendment officially added to the Constitution continues today. The 15 states that have not yet ratified the Equal Rights Amendment are Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Utah, and Virginia.
However, even though the Amendment has yet to pass, discrimination based on sex is illegal. Federal laws prohibit discrimination based on gender in a number of settings, and many states have civil rights laws of their own which mirror those at the federal level.
If you feel you have been or are being unlawfully treated because of your gender or sexual orientation you may have a case. Give us a call – we’re here for you.
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